In this March 24 , 2017 file photo, a bison stands among fir trees that have been logged, in the Bialowieza Forest, Poland. The European Union’s top advocate says that Poland has infringed environmental laws with its massive logging of trees in one of Europe’s last pristine forests. Photo credit: AP Photo/Adam Bohdan

The European Court of Justice (ECJ) issued a statement on Tuesday declaring that Poland had broken international law by increasing logging in one of Europe’s largest primeval woodlands.

The Białowieża forest is an 830-square mile patch of green that straddles the border between Poland and Belarus. It’s one of the last old-growth forests in Europe, is a UNESCO World Heritage, is protected under the EU’s Natura 2000 program, and is home to a number of endemic and endangered species, including the largest roaming population of European bison.

But all that didn’t stop Poland from increasing industrial logging in the forest; in 2016 the Polish government authorized a three-fold increase in logging operations in the Białowieża Forest.

In this Feb. 2005 file photo, a herd of bison, Europe’s largest land mammal, gather in the centuries-old Bialowieza Forest in Poland. Photo credit: AP Photo/Michal Kosc, File

In response, the ECJ sued Poland, attempting to block the increase in logging. On Tuesday, an advocate general of the ECJ, Yves Bot, issued a legal opinion, concluding that Poland had violated EU laws. Not surprisingly, Bot found that the ripping up of the ancient forest poses “potential threats to the conservation of protected habitats and species.” The opinion isn’t legally binding, but the ECJ normally follows through with the recommendations of the advocate general. Moreover, Poland has vowed publicly that it will respect the ruling from the court.


“Poland is a state of law that respects the opinion of the spokesman of the European Court of Justice,” said Poland’s environment minister, Henryk Kowalczyk, in a statement published by the New York Times. “The Bialowieza Forest is an exceptionally valuable area for Poland, and all of the past actions had been undertaken in the interest of maintaining it in the best possible condition for the present and future generations.”

The sentiments are nice, but the truth is that a lot of damage has already been done. According to Reuters, logging quotas to 2021 have already been reached. “[The logging of old-growth trees by Poland] results in an irreversible habitat loss for dependent species,” said Grzegorz Mikusinski, associate professor at the Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences, in a statement to Reuters. “We would have to wait 200 years to see something similar to what we had before spruces were cut and removed.”